Hypertonic Sodium Solutions: Pertinence to Human Physiology

Upon completion of this CME activity, participants should be able to:
Describe relevant physiology affected by hypertonic sodium solutions
Identify the role of hypertonic sodium solutions in ICP treatment
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of hypertonic sodium solutions


Joshua Medow, MD, MS, FAANS
University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics
Madison, Wisconsin

Christopher Zacko, MD
Penn State University
Hershey, Pennsylvania

DISCLAIMER The opinions expressed in this educational activity are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the grant provider or the AANS. This educational activity does not endorse one particular type of instrumentation, nor is it intended to dictate an exclusive course of management. It presents one of numerous recognized methods of clinical practice for consideration by physicians for incorporation into their practices. Variations of practice taking into account the needs of the individual patient, resources, and limitations unique to the institution or type of practice may be appropriate. Disclosure about patient confidentiality, standards of care, or course of management does not imply endorsement or disapproval of products. 

Please Note: It is recognized that the use of non-FDA approved devices is described in some of the published material, but these techniques are often the standard of care and may be of value to the patients we serve.
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